• Physiotherapy

Flat feet treatment in Mumbai:

WHAT Are FLAT FEET?

We have a small gap on the inner side of feet when we stand when this gap is not there it’s called flat feet. This is also termed as “Pes Planus”. Everybody is born with flat feet, as a child starts walking his/her arch starts developing.  First, five years of age are crucial for arch development.

There are two types of flat feet:

  • Functional Flat feet: A common type that person may have little or almost normal arch but when a person stands arch flattens. This type of flat feet responds well with Insoles/Orthotics.
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  • Structural (Right flat feet): A person will not have an arch in sitting & standing.  Most of the cases flat feet will be there from childhood. In adults, some kind of injury or obesity can lead to flat feet, known as “Adult acquired flat Feet”

EFFECT OF FLAT FEET ON POSTURE:

All joints in our body work together. As feet are base of our body it influences entire posture.  Due to flat feet ankle rolls inwards (Overpronation) which leads to knocking knees & increased lumbar lordosis. That is why flat feet not only cause foot pain but also leg, knee, hip & back pain too.

The following image will give you a clear idea about how flat feet can affect the alignment of all proximal joint

Below are the common symptoms seen in patients with flat feet:

       
  • Tired achy legs
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  • Heel pain, Knee pain & back pain
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  • Recurrent ankle sprain(Poor Balance)
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  • Early osteoarthritis of joints
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  • Corn & calluses, etc.

Treatment for Flat feet:

TREATMENT:

Orthotics: Custom made orthotics is the main line of treatment for flat feet. People always try to get some off the shelf orthotics & of course it doesn’t help for their problem. Orthotics correction should be based on lots of variables like the severity of flat feet, age, weight, lifestyle alignment of proximal joints, etc. Thus off the shelf things are not advisable At V-Care clinic we are specialized in podiatry, i.e in ankle & foot problems. Physiotherapist at our clinic does an assessment of your alignment, diagnose the problem & then provide a customized solution for the same. We Prescribe Bio advanced orthotics which are designed by LBG medical UK.

After a certain age flat feet is not correctable but orthotic intervention can prevent further damage.

  • Supportive shoes: The person with flat feet should use shoes with firm ankle control. Sports shoes are the best. In many brands, there is an option of anti‑pronatory shoes. Good supportive shoes with appropriate orthotics can make wonders.
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  • Exercise: To strengthen foot and ankle muscles.
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  • Maintain ideal body weight.